Nearly every day, a new study about the mental health of college students appears. Citing some measure of sadness, anxiety, feelings of burnout or use of unhealthy coping skills, these studies say the same thing: College students are struggling.
Understanding of student mental health issues was growing before the pandemic took hold, and the stigma around these issues slowly breaking down. The pandemic, and the profound way it has affected young people, has brought the topic to the center of the public conversation, and now to Washington.
President Joe Biden recently called on colleges to use federal Covid relief funding to add mental health support for students, and at the end of June, the House of Representatives passed two bills relating to college students’ mental health.
Rep. Susan Wild, a Democrat from Pennsylvania, who sponsored a bill that proposes better mental health services and suicide prevention programming on campuses, said that the unprecedented challenges students have faced over the past several years are contributing to strained mental health and that the bill is needed to combat long-term effects.
The bill encourages colleges to work with community organizations to develop mental health support systems for students, as well as comprehensive campus plans that could include everything from campaigns to ensure students understand the resources available to trainings for non-mental health professionals on campus in understanding warning signs of serious mental health issues, to other safety measures on campus. The bill does not propose any funding; it functions more as a call to action.
It passed in the House with 405 representatives voting in favor and 16 opposing it.
“I think there is a lot of commitment to addressing this issue on both sides of the aisle,” said Manuela McDonough, the director of government affairs and advocacy at the JED Foundation, a nonprofit advocating for mental health care for young people, who has worked with Wild on the bill. “People are aware that our youth are struggling and are struggling more so now, as we are dealing with the pandemic and the fallout of the pandemic.”
Though it received overwhelming support in the House, Wild’s bill is not currently scheduled to be taken up in the Senate. McDonough said it’s important to have bipartisan support, so they are working to find Senate sponsors from each party and hope to introduce a Senate version of the bill before the end of the year.
“I think there is a lot of commitment to addressing this issue on both sides of the aisle. People are aware that our youth are struggling and are struggling more so now, as we are dealing with the pandemic and the fallout of the pandemic.”
Manuela McDonough, director of government affairs and advocacy, JED Foundation
The House also recently passed a bill that would require the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services to help campuses with drug and alcohol misuse prevention and recovery programs, and would establish a five-year grant program to fund the programs. It passed in the House, 371-49, but has not yet been scheduled to be heard in the Senate.
Down the road, it’s also possible that legislation could move forward by being written into a larger bill or folded into a broader package of bills. The Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee has signaled that it’s working on a package of bills related to mental health and substance abuse, but the bills have not been filed yet. And in March, the Senate Finance Committee released a report on mental health and substance use, which separates children, adolescents and youth as one of five focus areas for future legislation.
The report highlights disparities based on race, ethnicity, sexuality and geographical location that the committee says lead to inequities in mental health and substance use outcomes. A draft policy released by the committee aims to reduce barriers to mental health care for youth on Medicaid.
Sen. Ron Wyden, a Democrat from Oregon who chairs the Finance Committee, wrote that the goal is that “Every American is able to access the mental health and substance-use disorder care they and their loved ones need when they need it.”
The Hechinger Report partnered with seven other newsrooms across the country to better understand the mental health challenges students are facing and the solutions that are helping to alleviate them. Last month, our consortium published eight stories that explore proposed solutions, ranging from peer counseling programs, to schools contracting with private therapy providers, to the few, pricey programs that help students who have left college on mental health leaves get back on track.
Please consider reading our consortium’s stories here:
Supporting students: What’s next for mental health
After a mental health leave of absence, students seek help returning to campus
This Texas college’s focus on mental health helps students through trauma
Mental health: Is that a job for schools?
Can peer support programs bridge access gaps for youth
To improve student wellbeing, Alabama invests in mental health coordinators
How one rural SC school district is tackling the in-school therapist shortage
Safe spaces in schools are spreading as a mental health intervention
This story about student mental health was produced by The Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on inequality and innovation in education. Sign up for the Hechinger newsletter.